السبت، 27 أبريل، 2013

Migration; Factors, Benefits and Problems


The economy has affected rapidly due to various factors. Migration has always helped to raise the economy of any country. It is therefore, the net result of the combined effects of push factors of one area to another. Recently, global migration showed enormous percentage. This essay will focus on the factors behind migration, the economic benefits and the issues faces by migration.

                 Enormous number of people are leaving their native country which could be influenced by push and pull factors. Migrants may divided into two categories; voluntary and forced. People may move to developed and industrial countries because the education and job opportunities are much better compared to those in developing countries. Moreover, people may be forced to move because of some reasons like natural disaster, wars, crimes, crisis and other bad things. Climate change and food shortage are considered as factors of migration. Migration affects in terms of dividing people into layers which lead to widening gap between rich and poor people. Other factors of migration are reunification and high increase of poverty globally. Migration also encourages government to develop policies. What are the benefits behind migration?

             Migrate to mega cities and industrial towns have pulled effects due to more benefits migrants gain. The most significant benefit is boosting the growth of economy. According to TUC general secretary Brendan Barber about 10% of migration is due to economic reasons, especially for seeking employment. Another important benefit is migrants gain greater prosperity and better conditions for sustenance. Migrants are making a substantial contribution to the country they move to. Moreover, about $20 million of taxes are paid by incomers who help to cover the cost of retirees. As the wages are arising in many countries such as in Europe, migration has helped to stop the hike of wages since migrants have little skills or trainings. It is also helped to decrease labour shortages. Additionally, industrial countries collapses have decrease sharply as a result of migration. Even though, migration has many benefits, there are many problems.

           The problem caused by migration impact on individual and their families. There are several issues behind migration. According to International Centre of Migration Policy Development 2000 people die annually due to movement from one area to another. As people reacting to negative attitudes forward lucrative activities, criminal activities and smuggling, it is believe that crises cross the world will rapidly go up. It is also clear that migration does not help to keep the wages at their minimum level. In the same way, it does not respond to lessen the unemployment. Therefore, many industrial countries would collapse. What is more, migration is pressuring on hosing and public services.
             In conclusion, migration refers to the movement of people from one area to another. The purpose of migration may be employment, business, education, family, movement, marriage, calamity and many more. 10% of migration is a result of economic reasons. Migrants are searching for better standards of living. They effect on minimize the wages. On the other hand, 2000 people die every year. It is clear that migration will continue to rise in early future as per many pull and push factors are attracting migrants

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